Version numérique PDFThis paper explains how the efficiency of control mechanisms affects the choice of organizational forms by MNCs that decentralize their R&D activities abroad. We identify five main organizational forms: wholly owned green-field subsidiary, wholly owned acquired subsidiary, joint venture, cross-licensing agreements, and unilateral licensing agreements. A questionnaire addressed to the managers of American and European MNCs shows that firms? choice of organizational form is related to the efficiency of control mechanisms over the R&D activities. We find that the internalization choice is underprivileged because of behavioral control difficulties. The difficulties of coordinating R&D activities reduce the parent firms? capacity to assess the strategic performance of R&D activities in a joint venture. The findings also show that the limited feasibility of assessing the financial performance of R&D activities does not affect negatively the choice of joint venture. So far, the option of either unilateral or cross-licensing agreements is employed even though there are divergences in rules, laws, and procedures between partners. Our findings provide empirical evidence on the strategic choice of R&D organizational forms abroad.Keywords: R&D; Multinational Companies; Control Mechanisms; Organizational Forms.JEL Classification: F23; L24; M16; O32.
Auteurs :Chebbi-Nekhili Dhijkra
Extrait de la revue BMI 126
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